- 1 Introduction
- 1.1 Automobile components
- 1.1.1 Superstructure
- 1.1.2 Components an automobile engineer needs
- 1.1 Automobile components
Automobile engineering is the word of the day in this modern world. A large number of people are in touch with the automobile. In other words, the world is unable to move to places without automobile components.
Hence, the necessity of automobile engineering is necessary indeed. In brief, automobile engineering is the study of the machine. It teaches how machines (vehicles) work. This is another branch of engineering.
If you categorize engineering, the automobile is at the top of the list. Without the support of the car, this is not possible to move anywhere.
The automobile has made communication more accessible for people. The vehicles that we see around us are the outcome of automobile engineering.
So, the importance of an automobile engineer is also remarkable. An automobile engineer is a person who deals with the machines. By dint of their actual service, the machines work.
We can drive vehicles to reach our destination. Imagine a day when there is not an automobile engineer. What are the consequences? Well. The list is huge. The ordinary people would be the worst sufferer.
However, this particular blog is about the components that an automobile engineer needs. You can get a complete idea about vehicles. So, let’s move to our core section of the discussion.
We all are aware of automobiles. They are different kinds of vehicles around us.
But most of us do not have ideas about the elements. Without the support of the components, this is not possible for a car to run.
We can have six essential parts of an automobile. They are also the part of automobile engineering.
The engineers master the components and their functions.
The pieces are:
– Basic structure
– Engine compartment
A comparative discussion will help the readers to know to get some in-depth ideas.
An automobile formation is impossible without a superstructure. The superstructure is the combination of all the elements together.
Not a single part of the vehicle will get out of the list. The entire body with all its parts and components form the superstructure.
So, if there is no superstructure, there is no vehicle!
The basic structure of an automobile is the structure that we see. If I ask you what do you see in an automobile? The answer could be simple.
You might say that you see a coloured body with four wheels and mirrors. Besides, there are glasses in front and back part of the vehicle, you may add too. Right you are.
This is the fundamental part of an automobile. But there is something more than your explanation. The necessary part also includes the frame of the car. The structure is under cover of the other elements.
Even more, the suspension is also on the list. There are axes too that add on the list. Do not forget about the wheels.
Well, nobody can do that.
Without the wheels, this is not possible to run a vehicle. Can you do that?
An engine is the heart of an automobile. Without a driver, this is not possible for a vehicle to run on the street.
The engine provides the necessary force to an automobile to run. There are different types of engines are available.
It depends on the vehicle types. The more the engine power, it will perform the better.
The transmission system helps the vehicle to move forward. It includes a propeller shaft, clutch, and gearbox. By changing the gear, a driver turns the torque of the engine.
As a result, the vehicle moves forward. Besides, the clutch plays an essential function in changing the gear. It connects and disconnects the ratios of torque.
Moreover, considering the engine types, the gears are attached. The number of gears may contain several amounts like four, five or more.
A driver needs to increase the gear number. Sometimes, he needs to reduce the speed too. Based on the necessity, they need to change the gears.
When the driver needs a higher speed, he changes the gear to a higher number. When the speed limit is lower, the gear gets a fall. This is the primary way of transmission.
An automobile has a specific control panel. Steering is there to control over the vehicle. Besides, there is a gas pedal, brake and clutch are available too.
By using the grip, the drive changes the gear. But only changing the gear will not increase the speed. You will need to press the gas pedal. A harder press on the pedal will increase the speed level.
At the same time, you have to use the brake too. However, if you do not use the curb, you cannot control the car. There are chances of accidents. And everyone knows that a car accident is always fatal.
Did we forget the steering? Negative.
The steering is the other key component of an automobile. It helps to navigate.
Yes, you will need to navigate while riding a vehicle. Without steering, this is not possible at all. The steering plays the critical role here.
The steering functions are unaffected. Anyone can do that. Steering controls the wheels.
If you move the steering to the right, the wheels will move right. Similarly, if you move it to the left, the wheels will also move to left. But you have to know the measurement of controlling the steering.
The remaining parts of a vehicle belonging to this section. You can count the electrical system, entertainment facilities, etc. under this section.
While riding a car, you might want to have the light inside the cabin. The electrical system will do that.
You also need to use the headlight, without the electrical system this is impossible.
Even more, if you need to use a stereo, you have to get an electric connection.
Want to get some fresh air? Switch on the AC that also runs with the electricity. So, it appears that the auxiliary system indeed plays an impressive role.
Components an automobile engineer needs
Well, this is not possible to describe the entire matter in brief. The automobile engineers need to know all the elements.
At least, they should identify the overall components of the automobile. Since this is the study of the machine, this is possible for them to remain unfamiliar with any part.
An automobile engineer should have an idea about the following parts. The parts are described in brief here.
Since this is a bit technical issue, the terms are made simple for better comprehension.
Earlier, it was said that an engine is the heart of an automobile.
So, this is a must for an automobile engineer to know about the engine. This most precious part contains several components.
They are here in a brief list.
– Engine block: Molten iron makes this part. There are several holes in it. The holes represent the number of cylinders.
– Piston: pistons move in an upward and downward direction inside an engine. Piston rings are there to make the performance smoother.
– Connecting rod: it combines the piston and the crankshaft. The crucial role of this part to move under the disk like a pendulum to limit its motion.
– Crankshaft: Iron is the principal metal in making a crankshaft. It converts the linear movement of the piston.
– Oil sump: Also known as crankshaft casing, it helps to cover the engine. Even more, oil sump also helps to prevent oil splashing inside the engine.
– Engine valves: they help to resist temperature inside the engine.
– Sparking plug: the critical role of a sparking plug is to ignite the air-fuel mixture. It also produces a spark inside the combustion chamber.
Besides, there are some other engine parts available. But we cannot accommodate all of them here.
A radiator is another specific component of an automobile. An engineer also needs to know about it. This is a heat exchanger. It changes the form of energy.
The energy helps either to cool or to create heat. Engine cooling is another purpose of this component. An automobile expert needs to know about it correctly.
When the engine gets an overheating, there are chances of explosions.
Moreover, there might be some untoward situations too.
But the radiator plays the crucial role here. It controls the heat inside the bonnet.
At the same time, it raises the temperature also if necessary.
So, if the engineer is unaware of the radiator, they may be in trouble during maintenance.
Therefore, this is a must for the engineer. They take great care of the component.
Electric supply system
This is not a single unit. Instead, you can consider it a combination of several groups.
There are an alternator, battery and battery box. The battery supplies power to all the electrical devices inside the vehicle. The battery box is the place to store the vehicle battery.
The table helps to protect the battery from external turbulence or disturbances. This is an integral part for an automobile engineer as they study machine.
Lighting system plays an essential role in a vehicle. If you do not know about the lighting system, it would be hard to move on. Even more, not all the lights are for illumination.
Some of them are for signalling too. So, you have to know about the differences among the views. The issue is more important for an automobile engineer.
If you do not know about the signal lights, you cannot maintain them. Firstly, there are different types of lights available for a vehicle.
– fog lights,
– tail lights
– signal lights,
– engine bay lighting system,
– lighting for interior
– indicator lights.
An automobile engineer should know about all the lighting systems. As you do not have the complete idea about lighting, you cannot repair them.
It’s that simple! The automobile engineering aims to maintain a vehicle. It also contributes massively to the production of the car.
So, if the engineer lacks the knowledge over the lighting issues, it becomes tough to work on.
An automobile comes with different kinds of sensors. If you are unaware of the sensors, you may fall in trouble.
For instance, if you experience an accident, you can switch on the sensors to signal others. But if you do not know about them, chances are low to get immediate help.
Therefore, this is essential to know about them. And this is more important for an automobile engineer to know about sensors.
If they cannot make the sensors active, the vehicle users may fall in serious troubles. Thus, automobile engineers need to master these components.
Some of the most notable sensors are-
– Transmission speed sensor
– Crankshaft position sensor
– Coolant temperature sensor
– Fuel level and pressure sensors
– Light sensor
– Oil level and pressure sensors
– Oxygen sensor
The interior of an automobile can describe many issues in brief.
So, this is a particular component for an automobile engineer.
Generally, the interior of a vehicle is comprised of the following things:
– Floor panels (clutch, brake pedal, accelerator)
– Secret components
– Seating arrangements
The automobile engineer should have proper knowledge of the interior of an automobile. It helps them to make the interior look beautiful.
Consider that the wires are here and there and the car seats are not up to the mark.
Can you drive the vehicle comfortably?
The answer is merely a big ‘NO.’ So, this is an integral part of an automobile engineer.
So, it was the discussion. However, this is a huge issue to discuss. Anyone with knowledge about the vehicle can run the debate for hours. There are numerous things to talk and share.
But we have some limitations on this online platform. We cannot explain all the things we want to. Even more, being a study of the machine, the topic might not suit all.
So, the discussion may appear uninteresting to many. Therefore, the texts are narrowed down in points for better comprehension.
However, an automobile engineer needs different types of components. As they are the brains behind the automobiles, they must know the parts.
If s/ he is unable to know about the ingredients, it becomes tougher to maintain them. Besides, they are also responsible during the manufacturing process.
So, if they do not know the components, they may make mistakes. And the errors may lead to severe accidents.
Thus, this is a must for them to know about the automobile components to have a respected career.
That is all for today.