Caribbean Islands were the most adorable islands in the world for their natural beauty. But in the present time, the islands have lost the natural beauty only for the deforestation process. In fact, the islands were adorned with tropical rainforest. Since an ancient age, the islands started losing the beauty for numerous reasons.
There are good numbers of reasons are available which could be made responsible for the deforestation process. People living in the islands started using the forest woods to meet their daily needs which triggered the deforestation. Besides, they also collected woods to use as fuel to cook and for other development purposes. Before moving into the core issue, we should know some essential information about the deforestation.
- 1 Introduction
- 2 What is deforestation?
- 3 What are the impacts?
- 4 Which places are most affected?
- 5 Key practices that cause deforestation
- 6 What caused deforestation in the Caribbean Islands?
- 7 Impacts of deforestation on Caribbean Islands
- 8 How to solve the issue?
What is deforestation?
This is a process of cutting down trees permanently. People cut down the trees based on their needs and they don’t plant the trees again to replace the empty spaces. As a result, there are some adverse effects on nature. Nature loses its balances and several natural calamities arrive which also cause damage to the population living in the deforested areas.
The impacts are hard to believe. People of the localities start experiencing the negative impacts of nature in their everyday life and living becomes impossible. Thus the deforestation hit the people to take a kind of revenge for destroying in the natural environment.
What are the impacts?
Well, the impacts are multifarious. When you cut down trees randomly, the region becomes imbalanced. The surrounding environment starts losing its balance. The natural balance known as ecology is broken. As a result, the wildlife becomes endangered. The animals and birds lose their habitats. Besides, as the trees are destroyed, people do not get foods and fruits and living in those areas become impossible. At the same time, nature loses its features. People experience several natural calamities in a frequent manner. There are flash floods, heat wave, drought, excessive rains, and more other natural calamities arrive at the same place.
On the other side, people are unable to comprehend the issues. Without realizing the impacts, they keep cutting the trees down randomly. They need newer structures to reside; they need furniture, make roads and build new cities on the cleared areas. But if they were a bit conscious about the detrimental impacts, they could have avoided the issues.
Which places are most affected?
There are no particular places in the world where deforestation is taking place. In fact, where there are trees and woods, people are cutting them down for different purposes. With the growing population of the world, they need accommodation, foods, modern communication system and many other necessary things.
All those are happening by sacrificing the trees. The Caribbean region is one of the victims of deforestation. A large portion of the region has been destroyed so far and still, the destruction is in progress. All these are happening to meet the growing need of the population living in those areas.
Key practices that cause deforestation
So far, their aspects have been discovered for deforestation. They are – plantation, agriculture, and development.
This is one of the remarkable reasons that are leading the woody places to be deserted areas. People from across the world love to establish supremacy. To exhibit their worth, they buy a large number of woodlands and create their own estate. The estates are established by cutting down the trees. In many parts of the Caribbean regions, there are good numbers of estates available. And those have been made by destroying the trees. But if they were less in number, the deforestation would not have hit the world population so hard. There are no ways to prevent such plantations as most of the owners are influential people. They have their involvement either in politics or they are millionaires.
To live on, we need foods. Undoubtedly, agriculture plays the most crucial role to arrange foods. In fact, you will get no foods at all without the support of agriculture. Vast tracts of lands are required to produce different types of foods for the people across the world. To produce the foods, you need to have land for farming.
This is not possible to grow crops of forests and other woody places. So, people cut down the trees and grow their necessary corps and other foods. With the advancement of technology, people have started using too much land to grow more foods and crops to meet their ever-increasing demands.
With the passage of time, we can experience developments everywhere. But have you ever noticed that the street you are walking on was under the shade of large trees in past? Actually, most of the people are unaware of the issue. They even cannot believe that many of the modern cities in different regions of the world have been made by destroying trees and forests. Actually, to expand cities, the municipal authorities have grabbed the forests. They cut the trees and extended the cities so that more people could live there. Besides, they made the streets and installed many other modern structures to make the cities attractive.
All these have contributed to the deforestation of many of the parts of the world in the present days. Simultaneously, they have already started suffering different problems for the want of trees. They do not get rain in sufficient amount, they do not have shades in the cities and even they cannot have the fresh fruits as well. They preserve the fruits and crops. Instead of getting the natural breeze, they are now habituated with some artificial system. The entire life and living have become mechanized. Unfortunately, the issue is one of the least discussed issues. People are paying almost no heed to it. Though the environmentalist organizations are trying to resolve the issue through different campaigns, a notable number of people and authority seem reluctant to consider deforestation as a great threat.
What caused deforestation in the Caribbean Islands?
The practices that caused deforestation in the Caribbean Islands are not limited. In fact, the list is wide. Some of the points are described here for a better comprehension of the readers.
This is one of the key reasons for deforestation in the Caribbean Islands. Being the hub of natural beauty, people from around the world have settled here. To accommodate them, they need to have houses. Unluckily, a large number of houses have been made by cutting down the trees. The number of forests that covered the islands was huge.
With the growth of population in the islands, the forest became shorter. Annually, the forests started losing its lands to replace the humans. The process is still being continued in many of the parts of the islands which are really shocking. Experts anticipate that if the trend continues, all the forests will vanish someday and people will have to lament for the loss.
AS it is said before that agriculture is one of the primary reasons for deforestation, there are no exceptions to the issue in the Caribbean Islands. With the growth of people, they started farming different food crops to meet their daily needs.
At the same time, the forests became the victims of the agriculture. Massive farming of different crops resulted in the deforestation which could not be replaced even today. When a forestland is destroyed, they should have planted more trees, at least saplings to repair the loss. Instead, they did continue the deforestation process which resulted in the huge natural loss.
The role of modernization in the Caribbean Islands is the other reason that caused deforestation. To become modern cities and towns, many of the forest areas have been destroyed. For the citizens, newer streets were made. And where the streets were made?
The answer is by cutting down the trees in the woods. Again, when they needed fuels to cook the modern meals, they used the woods from trees. This is another important cause that led to the deforestation.
The cultivation of sugarcane in the Caribbean Islands is one of the cash crops. Huge quantities of sugarcanes are produced in the regions. This is a great place which has the natural capacity to produce sugarcane. So, the farmers are after this crop than any other ones. You know what?
They clear the forest lands to make space for the sugarcanes. This is really a shocking event that most of the natural lands are destroyed to meet the needs of the sugarcane field. As a direct result, the islands are losing a large number of forest lands annually which is truly a shocking event for the islands.
Impacts of deforestation on Caribbean Islands
The impacts are hard to describe. The entire regions are suffering in different disorders for the want of forest lands. The localities are losing their own charms and also experiencing many other issues. A couple of issues are mentioned here.
Loss of natural splendor
Earlier, when there were forests, the Caribbean Islands looked prettier. When people used to describe the islands, they started with the forests for the beauties. The greeneries were charming to everyone and people spent nights on the forest to have a completely natural environment.
But with the passage of time, the regions have less than five percent of the forests which is causing the damage to the natural environment of the region. If this deforestation continues for a few more years, there would be no such beauties left in the Caribbean region. The place will turn into an uninhabitable desert.
Extinction of wildlife
When the islands were filled with trees, the wildlife was one of the most important issues. A large number of species lived in the forests. But as the deforestation began, they lost their habitats. Besides, they also lost their natural birthplaces which resulted in their extinction.
You will not find all the animals which had lived in the forest for a long time. After the deforestation process, they either died or had to leave the region for a better place. With their extinction, the islands started losing their natural balance which also ensures the loss of nature. In fact, the wildlife had a great role in the locality and once they leave the areas, the entire system of ecology started to collapse.
Since most of the tourists arrived in the regions for the natural beauties, they have discarded the Islands from their lists. This mostly happened as the places are devoid of natural blessings. People who arrive here suffer from different disorders. The climate is becoming unpredictable and there are no indications of a sunny or foul weather in some specific parts. All these are resulting in the loss of tourists. At the same time, the local industries have already started suffering for the want of tourists. The industries that expanded earlier are now almost at the verge of extinction. In fact, this is a great negative blow to the Caribbean Islands.
Impacts of global warming
The other negative impacts of global warming are also prevalent in the regions. Due to the global deforestation, the Caribbean islands experience the similar like the other regions.
The most notable symptom is the sudden change of weather. In fact, the weather pattern has changed to a notable extent.
How to solve the issue?
This issue of deforestation is a well-debated matter. People across the world are cutting down trees randomly to meet their everyday needs. They do not consider the outcomes. When they suffer from the detrimental impacts, they start to realize that they made great mistakes. But if they were a bit aware of the tree cutting issues, they could have a better life and living conditions.
Experts are of the view that there is no alternative to planting trees. People who cut down the trees should plant at least three times more than they cut. Unless the trees are becoming sufficient in number, it is not possible to get a balanced environment. Like the Caribbean Islands, many other parts of the world are also getting deserted and this is time to prevent the artificial desertification.